Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin, or when the body can not effectively use the insulin produced. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the level of sugar in the blood. Hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia is a common consequence of uncontrolled diabetes and, over time, causes serious damage to many organs, especially nerves and blood vessels.
The disease is divided into two types:
1. Diabetes Type I:
The first type of diabetes is characterized by the death of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas leading to insulin deficiency. The main cause of this loss is the self-immune system, as it attacks the beta cells producing insulin. There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes. This type of the disease can affect children or adults, but it is traditionally known as childhood diabetes because mostly the children suffer it.
2. Diabetes Type II:
The second type of diabetes is different from the first type as there is anti-insulin resistance in addition to the lack of secretion of insulin; insulin receptors in the tissues of the body do not respond properly to insulin. Insulin resistance in the first stages is the lack of tissue response to insulin and is accompanied by high levels of insulin in the blood. Blood glucose levels can be reduced at this stage by medications that increase the sensitivity of insulin tissues and reduce the production of glucose from the liver.
- Blood sugar levels screening.
- Screening of the blood sugar levels two hours after meals or random examination during the day.
- Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c).
Symptoms of the disease:
• frequent urination
• extreme hunger
• weight loss
• vision impairment
• slow healing of the wounds
Complications of diabetes:
• Cardiovascular diseases
• Damage of the nerves
• Kidney diseases
• Vision impairment
• Erectile dysfunction
• Skin diseases
• Joint diseases
Treatment of diabetes mellitus in our medical center
The treatment of diabetes mellitus type I and type II consists of:
• The revival of dead receptors, elimination of insulin resistance.
• Stop the attack of the immune system on beta cells in the pancreas.
• Formation of new beta cells instead of damaged ones in the pancreas.
• Renewal of the nerve endings and formation of new blood vessels instead of those damaged by high sugar levels.
• Treatment of complications caused by diabetes.
• The possibility of the refusal of insulin and reduce the dose of medications.
• Influence not only on the results but on the cause of the disease and its development mechanisms.
• Improvement of life quality.
The duration of diabetes mellitus treatment in our medical center is 5 days.
If the patient follows the recommendations after treatment, it is possible to refuse insulin and medicines completely.